Degrees of Comparison


  1. Positive comparison
            The Positive/In-Line Comparison can be used to compare two people, places, or
things that are equal or different in some way; and to compare two actions that are
equal or different in some way.

Pattern: S + V + “As + adjective/adverb + as” + S + (V)
Example:         Ahmad is as tall as Dina
                        Diah runs as fast as the boys do
                        Wendy’s bike has the same color as dani’s bike.

  1. Comparative Degrees
            The Comparative Comparison is used when the focus is the difference between
people,  places,  and  things. There  are  5  major  types  of  comparative
comparison,namely:
A.    using –er suffix and than after the adjective/adverb (for 1 or 2 syllable(s) words )
Example:   This book is cheaper than that one.
                  My son is taller than Hendy.
B.     using more and than with the adjective/adverb ( for more than 2 syllables words )
Example:   Andy is more diligent than his brother.
                  Rina has many problems that are more complicated than I have.

C.     using –er suffix or more but without than (when it is clear which things that are compared)
Example:   Look! They are two cars there. I think that the red car is more expensive.

D.    repeated comparative (to talk about change; an increase or decrease)
Exxample: We know that the economic poverty in Indonesia becomes higher and higher.

E.     .  double comparative (to show cause and effect)
Example:   The higher product’s price, the smaller demand level of this product
                  The faster you do it, the better you get the score.


  1. Superlative degree
            The focus of the superlative Comparison is to single out people, places, and
things from other people, places, and things.

Adj/Adv +est
Most Adj/Adv
Irregular
 
 



Pattern: S + V +                                  + Noun + In/of/that clause



Example:         Andy is the smartest student in the class.
                        Rina is the most beautiful in Java
                        Wendy has the worst score in math test



  1. Exception (irregular forms)

1.      Good/well – better – the best
2.      Bad/evil/ill – worse – the worst
3.      Little – less - the least
4.      Much – more –the most
5.      Far – farther – the farthest
6.      In – inner - the inmost
7.      Late – latter – the last


Exercise:

Change the verbs in the brackects into their correct forms!
1. This flower is (beautiful) than that one.
2. This is the (interesting) book I have ever read.
3. Non-smokers usually live (long) than smokers.
4. Which is the (dangerous) animal in the world?
5. A holiday by the sea is (good) than a holiday in the mountains.


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