- Positive comparison
The Positive/In-Line Comparison can be used to compare two people, places, or
things that are equal or different in some way; and to compare two actions that are
equal or different in some way.
Pattern: S + V + “As + adjective/adverb + as” + S + (V)
Example: Ahmad is as tall as Dina
Diah runs as fast as the boys do
Wendy’s bike has the same color as dani’s bike.
- Comparative Degrees
The Comparative Comparison is used when the focus is the difference between
people, places, and things. There are 5 major types of comparative
A. using –er suffix and than after the adjective/adverb (for 1 or 2 syllable(s) words )
Example: This book is cheaper than that one.
My son is taller than Hendy.
B. using more and than with the adjective/adverb ( for more than 2 syllables words )
Example: Andy is more diligent than his brother.
Rina has many problems that are more complicated than I have.
C. using –er suffix or more but without than (when it is clear which things that are compared)
Example: Look! They are two cars there. I think that the red car is more expensive.
D. repeated comparative (to talk about change; an increase or decrease)
Exxample: We know that the economic poverty in Indonesia becomes higher and higher.
E. . double comparative (to show cause and effect)
Example: The higher product’s price, the smaller demand level of this product
The faster you do it, the better you get the score.
- Superlative degree
The focus of the superlative Comparison is to single out people, places, and
things from other people, places, and things.
Pattern: S + V + + Noun + In/of/that clause
Example: Andy is the smartest student in the class.
Rina is the most beautiful in Java
Wendy has the worst score in math test
- Exception (irregular forms)
1. Good/well – better – the best
2. Bad/evil/ill – worse – the worst
3. Little – less - the least
4. Much – more –the most
5. Far – farther – the farthest
6. In – inner - the inmost
7. Late – latter – the last
Change the verbs in the brackects into their correct forms!
1. This flower is (beautiful) than that one.
2. This is the (interesting) book I have ever read.
3. Non-smokers usually live (long) than smokers.
4. Which is the (dangerous) animal in the world?5. A holiday by the sea is (good) than a holiday in the mountains.