Gerund may function as subject and object. It may also follow adjective, preposition, and noun.
1. Gerund as subject
Gerund + predicate + object/complement
2. Gerund as object
S + V + Gerund
S + V + Adjective + Gerund
S + V + Prepotition + Gerund
S + V + Pos Adjective + Gerund
S + Certain expresions + Gerund
List of the verbs followed by gerunds are:
admit advise anticipate appreciate
avoid can’t bear can’t help celebrate
complete consider delay deny
detest discontinue discuss dislike
List of preposition combinations followed by gerunds are:
(be) excited about (be) worried about complain about/of
dream about/of talk about/of think about/of
apologize for blame (someone) for forgive (someone) for
have an excuse for have a reason for (be) responsible for
thank (someone) for keep (someone) from prevent (someone) from
prohibit (one) from stop (someone) from believe in
Some expressions followed by gerund are:
have fun/a good time have trouble/difficulty
have a hard time/difficult time spend + time expression/money
waste + time expression/money sit + place expression
There are some expression with ―go‖ followed by gerund which include:
go boating go bowling go camping go dancing
go fishing go hiking go jogging go running
1. Infinitive + V + O/C
2. S + V + Infinitive
3. S + V + O + Infinitive
4.S + V + Adj + Infinitive
List of the verbs followed by infinitive are:
afford agree appear arrange ask
attempt beg care choose consent
claim decide demand deserve expect
List of verbs followed by Pronoun + Infinitive are below:
advise allow ask beg cause
challenge convince dare encourage forbid
List of common adjectives followed by infinitive are below:
glad to happy to pleased to delighted to content to
relieved to lucky to fortunate to sorry to sad to
List of verbs that can be followed either by gerund or infinitive are:
attempt begin bother can’t stand cease
continue forget go on hate intend
List of Perceptive Verbs (verbs that can be followed either by gerund or bare
infinitive (without to-) are:
see notice watch look at observe hear
listen to feel smell taste overhear
Put Gerund, Infinitive, or Bare Infinitive to replace the word in the bracket!
1. I can't imagine Peter (go) by bike.
2. He agreed (buy) a new car.
3. The question is easy (answer).
4. The man asked me how (get) to the airport.
5. I look forward to (see) you at the weekend.