Part of Speech



WORD

            Word is divided into two classes
1.      Based on lexical meaning
2.      Based on structural meaning

1.     Based on Lexical Meaning
Divided into 8 groups:
A.   Noun
            A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea.
Example: books, guitar, apple, etc.
Noun has 2 major classifications:
                   I.            Countable noun
        Countable noun is everything that can be counted. Generally, countable nouns have characteristic of being able to be preceded by A/an article in their singular forms and be ended with -s/-es in their plural forms. Example: two books, an apple, a durian, etc.
                II.            Uncountable Noun
                        The contrary, such rule is not applicable to the uncountable nouns. Most of
Uncountable nouns include abstract noun which simply has no physical form,
Untouchable, and apparently uncountable. Example: mass/collective noun; fluid; solid things; etc.

B.   Pronoun
                      A pronoun is often defined as a word which can be used instead of a noun.
Subject: I, you, she, he, they.
Object: me, you, him, her, them.
 Possessive: my, her, his, their.
 Intensive/Reflexive: myself, yourself, their selves.
  1. Adjective
                   An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words.         An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies. An adjective can be            modified by an adverb, or by a phrase or clause functioning as an adverb.
1.         Attributive adjectives are part of the noun phrase headed by the noun they
Modify;
2.         Predicative adjectives are linked via a copula or other linking mechanism to The noun or pronoun they modify


3). Absolute adjectives
            Absolute adjectives do not belong to a larger construction (aside from a larger adjective phrase), and typically modify either the subject of a sentence or whatever noun or pronoun they are closest to
4). Nominal adjectives act almost as nouns.


  1. Verb
            A word that shows action or state of being
            Example: Eat, pray, go, etc.

  1. Adverb
            An adverb can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions Such as "how," "when," "where," "how much". Example: “you come here so quickly.” You walk in front of me, but you walk so slowly”.

  1. Preposition
A preposition describes a relationship between other words in a sentence. Example: about, above, according to, across, after, against, along, along with.

  1. Conjunction
A conjunction is a word that "joins" or connects other words or groups of words. We may also state that a conjunction joins two parts of a sentence. Conjunctions have three basic forms:
  Single Word
(and, but, because, although)
  Compound (often ending with as or that)
(provided that, as long as, in order that)
  Correlative (surrounding an adverb or adjective)
(so...that)
Conjunctions have two basic functions or "jobs":
  Coordinating conjunctions (always come between the words or clauses
that they join) are used to join two parts of a sentence that are grammatically
equal
  Subordinating conjunctions (usually come at the beginning of the
subordinate clause) are used to join a subordinate dependent clause to a
main clause.

  1. Interjection
Interjection is a big name for a little word. Interjections are short exclamations like Oh!, Um or Ah! They have no real grammatical value but we use them quite often, usually more in speaking than in writing.



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